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Chattahoochee River Line Battlefield Listed on the National Register

Jun 11, 2015

Brockington is pleased to announce that the Chattahoochee River Line Battlefield (also called Johnston's River Line) has been expanded and listed on the National Register of Historic Places as a Multiple Property Documentation. The River Line was an important set of defensive works that were commissioned by Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston in July, 1864, to slow or halt the advance US General William T. Sherman's armies towards Atlanta. Constructed using a unique type of redoubt called a "Shoupade," the River Line was built on the northern and western sides of the Chattahoochee River by enslaved laborers as the Union army approached the city. Fighting within the Chattahoochee River Line Battlefield took place between July 5-10th, as Union troops entrenched themselves in front of the Confederate positions. While skirmishing was on-going, Sherman sought a way around River Line, which he called "the strongest field fortifications I ever saw." After Union troops located a crossing point on the Chattahoochee River, Johnson ordered the evacuation of the River Line, and the Confederates fell back to prepared defensive works closer to Atlanta.

Portions of the River Line, as well as the Union fortifications, are still extant in and around Mableton, Georgia. The Mableton Improvement Coalition (MIC) contracted with Brockington to survey portions of the Battlefield, and then to write a multiple property nomination to the National Register. The benefit of a multiple property nomination is that new portions of the Battlefield can be added to the National Register as they are surveyed or donated. MIC plans to develop a public park and nature trail along Nickajack Creek and the Chattahoochee River that will incorporate portions of the Battlefield, and key components of the River Line itself. See the link below to read more about the nomination.

http://georgiashpo.org/node/2242


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