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By Jon Bernard Marcoux, Brent Lansdell, and Eric C. Poplin

2011 South Carolina Antiquities Vol 43:3-20

Punctuated by contact with Europeans, outbreaks of disease, and violent slave raids from hostile Indian groups, the decades bracketing the founding of Charles Town in 1670 mark an incredibly pivotal time for Indian Communities settled along the central South Carolina coast. Indeed, this period saw the disappearance of virtually all local Indian groups from the historical record. While local groups were doubtless crucial players in the early history of the South Carolina colony, we know very little about who these folks were or what daily life was like in their communities. In this paper, we begin to address this gap by presenting an analytical and chronological framework for studying the pottery made by Contact-period Indian communities around Charleston Harbor. Focusing on the assemblage from 38BK1633, a site containing a relatively brief 17th-century household occupation, we offer a detailed description of Ashley series surface treatments and vessel forms. We also suggest some temporal changes within the Ashley series that are derived from multivariate frequency seriation and are corroborated with radiocarbon assays.

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