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Transformation of Native Populations in 17th Century Carolina: Exploring Stylistic Changes in Ashley Series Pottery download pdf

By Eric Poplin and Jon Marcoux

Society for Historical Archaeology

Ashley series pottery archaeologically defines the Indians who lived around Charleston Harbor when the first English settlers arrived in Carolina. Recent excavations and analyses demonstrate a rapid stylistic change in decorative motifs by the mid-seventeenth century, with at least two sub-phases represented in samples from two principal sites; samples from additional sites provide corroborative information and temporal associations into the early eighteenth century.

In this paper, presented at the 2013 meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Eric Poplin and Jon Marcoux present a number of question about these changing motifs. Do they reflect efforts by the Native populations to maintain their identities within a rapidly changing social situation tied to ever-expanding European settlement and trade, the political competition between England and Spain, and the competition and interactions among competing Native groups? How do these changes reflect the transformation of the social landscape and social fabric of the Natives around Charleston Harbor, who were so vital to the success of the nascent English colony, as they began to interact in the broader Atlantic World?


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